Anatomy Curriculum for GI and Hepatobiliary System

The following document outlines the details of Objectives of Anatomy contents to be taught during Gastro-intestinal and Hepatobiliary System (GI-HBS) Block/Unit/Course in undergraduate medical sciences (MBBS) program. 

Block/Unit/Course: Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary System


Oral cavity and salivary glands
Tongue and Palate
Small and large intestine
Caecum and appendix
Rectum and anal canal
Liver and extra hepatobiliary apparatus
Portal vein and portocaval anastomosis
Anterior abdominal wall and inguinal canal
Lumbar vertebrae


At the end of the block/unit/course, students should be able to:

  1. List the developmental sources of tongue and explain the developmental basis of innervation and common congenital abnormalities.
  2. Explain the developmental basis of cleft palate.
  3. Outline the establishment of gut tube.
  4. List the derivatives of foregut, midgut and hindgut.
  5. Describe the development process of parts of gastrointestinal tract, hepatobiliary organs, pancreas and associated structures and relate it with various congenital anomalies.
  6. Describe the oral cavity in terms of parts and contents.
  7. Describe the gross features of tongue including its intrinsic and extrinsic muscles and their action and its sensory and motor nerve supply.
  8. Describe the gross features of pharynx and enumerate the constrictors and longitudinal muscle of pharyngeal wall.
  9. Describe the nerve supply of pharynx (Motor & Sensory).
  10. Describe the gross feature, course and major relation of the oesophagus.
  11. Demonstrate the position of abdominal viscera in situ.
  12. Describe the anatomy of the stomach, its position, parts, sphincters, blood supply, nerve supply, lymphatic drainage and key relations to other abdominal organs.
  13. Describe the duodenum, its parts, position, blood supply and key relations with other abdominal organs and their significance in relation to peptic ulcer disease.
  14. Describe the morphological features of the small and large intestine, including the anatomy of the appendix.
  15. Describe the anatomical variations in the position of the appendix and explain their significance in relation to appendicitis.
  16. Describe the anatomy of the sigmoid colon and rectum and their anatomical relationships including peritoneal.
  17. Describe the features of anal canal including its innervation, blood supply and lymphatic drainage.
  18. Describe the gross features of the pancreas and its relationships to other abdominal organs.
  19. Describe the gross features of the liver, the lobes of the liver and their key anatomical relations including peritoneal reflections and other ligaments.
  20. Summarize the formation and tributaries of the portal vein and portocaval anastomosis and their significance in portal hypertension.
  21. Describe the gross features of the gall bladder and biliary tree; their relations in the abdomen and the significance of these relations in relation to gall bladder inflammation and biliary stones.
  22. Identify and describe the histological features of organs of GI system including tongue, hepatobiliary apparatus and pancreas.
  23. Describe the organization of the parietal and visceral peritoneum; its lesser and greater sacs, mesenteries and peritoneal ‘ligaments’.
  24. Describe the boundaries of epiploic foramen and its significance.
  25. Describe the attachment, function and contents of mesentery of small intestine.
  26. Describe the formation and boundaries of inguinal canal and relate the anatomy of inguinal canal with direct and indirect inguinal hernias.
  27. Describe the contents of the inguinal canal in both males and females.
  28. Describe the anatomy, innervation and function of muscles of anterior abdominal wall.
  29. Demonstrate the features of lumbar vertebra.
  30. Demonstrate the surface landmark on anterior abdominal wall.
  31. Demonstrate the descriptive abdominal region.
  32. Demonstrate the surface anatomy of viscera of GI tract, hepatobiliary apparatus, pancreas and vessels (abdominal aorta, its major branches, inferior venacvava and portal vein).
  33. Identify organs of GI tract and hepatobiliary apparatus and their features on standard diagnostic images.
You can find compiled curriculum at Undergraduate Anatomy Curriculum.