Anatomy Curriculum for Lower Limb


The following document describes the detail curricular objectives of Lower Limb section in Anatomy to be taught in Undergraduate Medical Sciences (MBBS) program.


Course/Unit - Lower Limb

Objectives:

At the end of the course/section, students should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate the major features and surface landmarks of bones of lower limb.
  2. Describe the regions, fascia and fascial compartment in lower limb.
  3. Describe the origin, course and branches of the major arteries that supply the hip, gluteal region, thigh, leg, ankle and foot.
  4. Explain the functional significance of anastomoses between branches of these arteries at the hip and knee.
  5. Describe the formation, course and tributaries of major veins of lower limb.
  6. Explain the role of the perforator vein connections between the superficial and deep veins and the function of the ‘muscle pump’ for venous return to the heart.
  7. Describe the formation of lumbar and lumbosacral plexus and its major branches.
  8. Describe the origin, course and function of the sciatic, femoral, obturator, common peroneal and tibial nerves, sural and saphenous nerves and summarise the muscles and muscle groups that each supplies as well as their sensory distribution.
  9. Describe the boundaries of the femoral triangle and the anatomical relationships of the femoral nerve, artery, vein and lymph nodes to each other in the triangle.
  10. Discuss the anatomical basis of femoral herniation.
  11. Describe the structures in gluteal region.
  12. Describe the anatomy of hip joint, its movements and summarize the muscles responsible for these movements with their innervation and main attachments.
  13. Describe the boundaries and contents of the popliteal fossa.
  14. Describe the anatomy of knee joint and movements at knee joint and summarize the muscles responsible for these movements with their innervation and main attachments.
  15. Describe the menisci, ligaments and the locking mechanism of knee joint.
  16. Describe the bursae around knee joint and its applied aspect.
  17. Describe the anatomy of ankle joint and movements of it summarizing the muscles responsible for these movements with their innervation and main attachments.
  18. Describe the movements of inversion and eversion at the subtalar joint, the muscles responsible, their innervation and main attachments.
  19. Describe the arches of the foot and the bony, ligamentous and muscular factors that maintain them.
  20. Describe the lymphatic drainage of the lower limb.
  21. Identify the major radiological features of lower limb on standard diagnostic images.
You can find compiled curriculum at Undergraduate Anatomy Curriculum