Anatomy Curriculum for Respiratory System Block

The following document outlines the details of Objectives of Anatomy contents to be taught during Respiratory System Block/Unit/Course in undergraduate medical sciences (MBBS) program. Some medical schools may prefer to have separate blocks to teach respiratory and cardiovascular systems whereas others may choose to combine the block as Cardiopulmonary System Block/Unit/Course. 

Block/Unit/Course: Respiratory System


Pharyngeal apparatus
Nose and nasal cavity
Paranasal sinuses
Lungs and pleura
Thoracic cage*

*Following the regional anatomy, it is appropriate to include thoracic cage and diaphragm during respiratory system block/unit.


At the end of the block/unit/course, students should be able to:

  1. List the components of pharyngeal apparatus and its derivatives.
  2. List the developmental sources for various parts of respiratory system and explain the developmental basis for the various congenital anomalies related with respiratory system.
  3. List the developmental sources of diaphragm and pleura.
  4. Describe the features of lateral wall of nasal cavity and its blood supply.
  5. Describe the formation of median nasal septum and its blood supply in relation to nose bleeding.
  6. Name the paranasal sinuses and describe their relationships to the nasal cavities and sites of drainage on its lateral wall with applied aspect.
  7. Discuss the gross feature of larynx including its skeletal components and their interrealtionship.
  8. Explain the functional significance of intrinsic muscles of larynx in relation to regulating laryngeal inlet, controlling vocal cord position and tension and phonation.
  9. Describe the motor and sensory nerve supply of the larynx and the functional consequences of injury to them.
  10. Describe the gross feature of trachea and tracheopbronchial tree.
  11. Describe the gross features of lung and outline the structures in the hilum including mediastinal relations of each lung.
  12. Describe the blood and nerve supply and lymph drainage of the lungs.
  13. Define bronchopulmonary segment and explain its clinical significance.
  14. Describe the features of pleura, its innervation and pleural recesses explaining the clinical significance.
  15. Describe the attachment and the structures passing through diaphragm.
  16. Explain the position and movements of diaphragm during respiration.
  17. Summarize the motor and sensory nerve supply of diaphragm.
  18. Identify and describe the microscopic structure of parts of respiratory systems.
  19. Demonstrate the main features of thoracic vertebra, ribs and sternum.
  20. Summarize the formation of thoracic cage and boundaries of its inlet and outlet.
  21. Summarize the mechanism of respiration and the muscles involved in it.
  22. List the structures passing through thoracic inlet.
  23. Define the intercostals space.
  24. Explain the anatomy and function of intercostals muscles.
  25. Describe a neurovascular bundle in a typical intercostal space and outline its distribution.
  26. Demonstrate major surface landmark on thoracic wall.
  27. Demonstrate the surface markings of pleura and lungs
  28. Identify the major thoracic structures on standard diagnostic images.
You can find compiled curriculum at Undergraduate Anatomy Curriculum.